Concord’s Premium Products Will Not Void Your Printer Warranty.
Sherman-Clayton Antitrust Acts (1890 & 1914)
The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 was the first Federal Act to outlaw monopolistic
business practices. The Act sought to promote free and fair marketplace competition
and eliminate the ability of businesses to dictate prices, quantity, and quality
of the goods they produce, without having to compete for consumers. Simply
put, this Act was enacted to maintain competition in business.
The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914 is an amendment to clarify and supplement the
Act. It provided more detailed provisions to prohibit anticompetitive price discrimination,
prevented anticompetitive mergers, kept corporations from making exclusive dealing
practices, allowed unions to organize, and expanded the ability for individuals
to sue for damages.
International Business Machines Corp. (IBM) v. United States (1936)
The U.S. Justice Department charged IBM with monopolizing the mainframe market for
computers (a violation of the Sherman Act). The Supreme Court held that IBM could
not threaten customers with termination of their data processing equipment leases
just because they did not use supplies manufactured by IBM. Such practices
constituted a "tying agreement" and was found to be in violation of the Sherman
and Clayton Antitrust Act.
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Improvement Act (1975)
In 1975 the U.S. Congress approved the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Improvement Act which
states that "tie-in sales" provisions are NOT allowed in consumer warranties.
The Act states a warrantor cannot require the consumer of their product (printer,
photocopier, etc.) to buy an additional product or service (OEM toner) to be used
with the original product in order to maintain the original product warranty. The
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Improvement Act ensures that as long as you use the machine
in the manner for which it was intended, you are free to use whatever product or
brand of toner or ink cartridge that you believe to be suitable for your intended
A good analogy to being made to use HP toner in HP machines might be buying a new
Ford and being told you can only use Exxon gasoline in it or your warranty will
be voided. That should not happen, as once again, you have a freedom of choice in
the products that you want to buy and use in whatever you purchase.